Before the establishment of intravenous drug allocation center, it is necessary to investigate the actual situation of the hospital. After the completion of the investigation, all factors should be fully considered. After professional calculation, the size of PIVAS that needs to be established can be preliminarily calculated.
The establishment of PIVAS is designed strictly according to three aspects: people flow, logistics and information transmission. The location selection should be as close as possible to the ward in order to facilitate the management and timely and convenient use of drugs. Planned area is generally based on the use area of 200 m2. For every 100 additional beds, the use area of 5 M2 will be increased accordingly.
The process layout should conform to the configuration process, reduce roundabouts, and avoid the confusion of people flow and logistics. The main areas are divided into dispensing room, preparation room, dressing room, configuration room, finished product room, drug turnover warehouse, office area, etc. The configuration room can also be divided into cytotoxic drugs, antibiotic drugs, intravenous nutrition drugs according to the needs. Material allocation room and other general drug allocation room, etc.
PIVAS, with a total area of about 200 m2, is located on the first floor of the inpatient ward ward. It is transformed from the former central pharmacy. It has office area, preparation area for discharge, finished product area, antibiotics and cytotoxic drugs allocation room, general and parenteral nutrition drug allocation room, etc.
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