Lighting facilities: ordinary lighting should be installed on walls or roofs. Operating lamp should be installed and combined shadowless lamp, lifting spare lamp.
Water source and fire prevention facilities: tap water shall be installed in each working room for easy flushing. Fire extinguishers should be installed in corridor and auxiliary room to ensure safety. Cold, hot water and high pressure steam should be fully guaranteed.
Ventilation and filtration sterilization device: modern operation room should establish a complete ventilation, filtration, sterilization device, so that air purification. The ventilation modes include turbulence type, laminar flow type and vertical type, and can be chosen as appropriate.
Operation room and route layout design entry route must meet the function flow and clean dirt partition, should set up three access routes, a staff access route, the route out of three patients, instruments circulation supply routes, as far as possible to avoid cross infection isolation.
手术间的温度调节非常重要，应有冷暖气调节设备。空调机应设在上层屋顶内，室温保持在 24～26oC，相对湿度以50%左右为宜。一般手术间为 35～45m2，特殊房间约 60m2，适用于体外循环手术、器官移植手术等;小手术间面积在20~30m2 。
The temperature adjustment between the operations is very important and should be regulated by heating and cooling equipment. The air conditioner should be in the upper roof, keep the room temperature from 24 to 26oC, and the relative humidity should be about 50%. General surgery for 35 to 45m2, special room about 60m2, suitable for extracorporeal circulation surgery, organ transplant surgery, etc., small surgery between the area of 20~30m2.
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