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  • 静脉配药的净化要求有哪些?
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2019-11-20
      静脉药物配制将分发静脉药物调剂的开放的环境中治疗房间的病房里,和专注于静脉注射毒品的配置分发在手术台上当地million-level在10000级洁净室清洁和封闭的环境由专职技术人员。
      The intravenous drug dispensing center will distribute the intravenous drug dispensing in the open environment in the treatment room of the ward, and focus on the intravenous drug dispensing on the operating table in the local million level 10000 clean room clean and closed environment by full-time technical personnel.
      优点:
      Advantage:
      一是改变各种临床静脉输液与药物混合的传统做法。过去,这种做法是由病房里的护士操作的。由于病房环境条件有限,输液质量容易受到影响,患者的安全用药难以保证。
      One is to change the traditional practice of mixing various clinical intravenous fluids and drugs. In the past, this practice was operated by nurses in wards. Due to the limited environmental conditions in the ward, the quality of infusion is easy to be affected, so it is difficult to ensure the safety of medication for patients.
      二是避免了过去化疗药物的开放性配制对病区环境的污染和对医护人员的伤害。
    静脉药物配置装修
      The second is to avoid the pollution of the environment of the ward and the harm to the medical staff caused by the open preparation of the chemotherapy drugs in the past.
      三是加强对医嘱、处方合理性的药学审核,充分发挥药师的性和作用。
      Third, we should strengthen the pharmaceutical examination of the rationality of medical orders and prescriptions, and give full play to the professionalism and role of pharmacists.
      四是有利于合理用药,提高药物治疗水平,降低治疗成本。
      Fourth, it is conducive to rational use of drugs, improve the level of drug treatment and reduce the cost of treatment.
      明确药师与护理人员的分工与配合,使护士从繁琐的日常输液工作中解脱出来,有更多的时间进行临床护理,提高护理质量。
      To clarify the professional division and cooperation between pharmacists and nurses, so that nurses can get rid of the tedious daily infusion work, have more time for clinical nursing, and improve the quality of nursing.
      发展:
      Development:
      随着现代医学科学技术的发展,液体药物静脉输液的治疗模式已经从开放和半开放模式转变为完全封闭的输液模式。在世界制药行业,GMP的实施使得药品生产的全过程,以质量为核心,对整个生产过程进行动态的管理和控制,从而保证高质量药品的生产。在药品流通环节,《药品流通质量管理规范》(GSP)的实施,使药品在采购、储存、流通过程中质量得到保障。
      With the development of modern medical science and technology, the treatment mode of liquid medicine infusion has changed from open and semi open mode to completely closed infusion mode. In the world pharmaceutical industry, the implementation of GMP makes the whole process of drug production dynamic management and control of the whole production process with quality as the core, so as to ensure the production of high-quality drugs. In drug circulation, the implementation of GSP ensures the quality of drugs in the process of purchase, storage and circulation.
      医院临床药物治疗:药物溶解,配置在清洁的环境中进行的,而液体的半开放,因此造成的不合理的药物污染,兼容性、药物不良反应、交叉感染和交叉耐药性,和操作人员长期吸入或接触化疗药物,抗生素和其他药物,造成物理伤害的问题是不可避免的。从长远来看,这不仅会降低药物的临床疗效,甚至造成严重的事故,还会损害医务人员的健康。这种先清洁后污染的情况使得优质药物在临床应用过程中无法保证质量和充分发挥疗效。
      Hospital clinical drug treatment: drug dissolution, configuration in a clean environment, while the semi open of the liquid, resulting in unreasonable drug pollution, compatibility, adverse drug reactions, cross infection and cross resistance, and long-term inhalation or contact of operators with chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics and other drugs, resulting in physical injury is inevitable. In the long run, it will not only reduce the clinical efficacy of drugs, even cause serious accidents, but also damage the health of medical staff. The situation of cleaning first and then pollution makes it impossible to guarantee the quality and give full play to the curative effect of high-quality drugs in clinical application.
      为了解决上述问题,创建了PIVAS。
      In order to solve the above problems, PIVAS was created.
      功能:
      Functions:
      除了将护士的配药方案转变为药剂师的配药方案外,PIVAS更重要的变化在于增加了药剂师审核处方的步骤,使药剂师从后台进入前台。这一变化对我国药师工作具有划时代的意义。在医院静脉药物配置服务),完全改变了传统的治疗方式,医生给的好处后,方陈由电脑输入静态分配,首先由药剂师检查检查药物使用的合理性,然后无菌配置技术配置严格按照药物给病人输液,正确的浓度、剂量持续时间。
      In addition to transforming the nurse's dispensing plan into the pharmacist's dispensing plan, the most important change of PIVAS is to increase the steps for pharmacists to review prescriptions, so that pharmacists can enter the front desk from the background. This change is of epoch-making significance to the work of pharmacists in China. In the hospital, the traditional treatment mode has been completely changed. After the benefits given by doctors, Fang Chen is input into the static distribution center by a computer. First, the pharmacist checks the rationality of the use of drugs, and then the sterile configuration technology is configured in strict accordance with the infusion of drugs to patients, with the correct concentration and dose duration.
      1. 保证药品质量和输液安全的标准化配置:PIVAS一般由抗肿瘤化疗药物配置室、静脉营养液配置室、配药室、电脑接收审核室、成品检包区、药品周转仓库、隔离洗衣房、办公室、普通更衣室组成。人员流动和后勤分开,办公区与控制区、洁净区和辅助区分开;
      1. Standardized configuration to ensure drug quality and infusion safety: PIVAS is generally composed of anti-tumor chemotherapy drug configuration room, intravenous nutrient solution configuration room, dispensing room, computer receiving and auditing room, finished product inspection package area, drug turnover warehouse, isolation laundry room, office and general dressing room. Personnel flow and logistics are separated, office area is separated from control area, clean area and auxiliary area;
      2. 方便药品管理,减少浪费,降低医院成本:集中管理药品,防止药品过期和浪费;
      2. Facilitate drug management, reduce waste and reduce hospital costs: centralized management of drugs to prevent drug expiration and waste;
      3.把时间还给护士,把护士还给病人:护士会有更多的时间和精力来照顾病人,有效地进行整体护理,提高护理质量;
      3. Return the time to the nurse and the nurse to the patient: the nurse will have more time and energy to take care of the patient, effectively carry out the holistic nursing and improve the quality of nursing;
      4. 有效防护职业暴露:将细胞毒药物从原来的开放环境配置到负压环境,大大降低对医护人员和患者的毒性;
      4. Effective protection against occupational exposure: the cytotoxic drugs are allocated from the original open environment to the negative pressure environment, which greatly reduces the toxicity to medical staff and patients;
      5. 加强管理,提高用药安全和工作效率,提高服务质量:通过药师对处方审核、配药、审核、配方审核、包装审核的严格控制,限度地减少各种因素导致的用药差错,保证患者用药安全;
      5. Strengthen management, improve medication safety and work efficiency, and improve service quality: through pharmacists' strict control of prescription audit, dispensing, audit, formula audit and packaging audit, minimize medication errors caused by various factors, and ensure patients' medication safety;
      6. 发展临床药学,促进合理用药:目前医院药学工作已由保障供应向药学服务转变。PIVAS的建立为探讨合理用药和与临床医生的密切接触建立了良好的机制。这些医院配备有临床药师,他们可以发现和纠正处方或不当用药中的问题,减少用药错误。
      6. Develop clinical pharmacy and promote rational use of drugs: at present, the pharmaceutical work in hospital has changed from supply guarantee to pharmaceutical care. The establishment of PIVAS has established a good mechanism for exploring rational drug use and close contact with clinicians. These hospitals are equipped with clinical pharmacists who can find and correct problems in prescriptions or improper use of drugs and reduce medication errors.
      PIVAS先进的静脉配药技术和药师全程参与临床合理用药是现代医院药学服务的重要内容,对全面提高医院管理水平和药物治疗水平具有重要作用。
      PIVAS advanced intravenous dispensing technology and pharmacists' full participation in clinical rational use of drugs is an important part of modern hospital pharmaceutical care, which plays an important role in improving the level of hospital management and drug treatment.
      以上是静脉药物配置装修公司为大家介绍的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.sdyhrs.com
      The above content is introduced by the decoration company of intravenous drug distribution center. For more information, please visit the website: http://www.sdyhrs.com

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