Now, clean operating room has become one of the necessary medical facilities in many hospitals. The key to the success or failure of operation, the quality of medical work and the reasonable layout of the operation room is to ensure the purification effect. Generally speaking, there are several ways to arrange the purification in operating room.
1. Central island
Generally speaking, the medical community believes that surgical infection is mainly "contact infection", so it is the main purpose of the layout of the operating room to eliminate the contact of equipment, personnel and pollution sources in the operating room. In the central island purification arrangement of the operating room, the sterile materials transported by the elevator are sent to each operating room through the central clean room. After using up the articles, they are brought out from the porch, and the washbasin used by doctors and nurses should also be set in the porch.
2. Unidirectional type
Generally speaking, operating room purification needs to strictly follow the principles of cleaning and pollution diversion. Whether it is patients, medical staff or sterile goods, one-way flow should be ensured to ensure cleanliness. The complete non crossing of sewage between the two is an excellent layout plan to avoid surgical infection. However, with the increase of the number of operating rooms, the plane flow and design of this layout become more and more complex.
3. Single channel
The single corridor operating room purification layout adheres to the concept of "Non-Proliferation of pollution". Under this arrangement, the equipment, waste and pollutants after the operation must be packed before they are transported out. In this layout, the anterior chamber must be used to thoroughly disinfect the items before and after the operation.
4. Dual channel
Double corridor operating room disinfection layout is the most common form of layout, its principle is also to prevent cross infection. Double corridor type is divided into mud type and clean type. In the sewage type double channel arrangement, equipment and postoperative waste need to be sent out from the external channel, and medical staff and patients need to enter and exit from the internal channel. In the layout of the clean double corridor, the plane layout is similar to the dirty type, except that doctors and instruments enter the room from the clean corridor before the operation, and exit from the clean corridor after the operation.
The above is a detailed introduction to the layout of ICU decoration. To learn more, please visit the official website http://www.sdyhrs.com