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  • 层流手术室装修设计如何既省钱又实用
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2020-09-10
    很多人都认为医院手术室造价高,是因为建设了层流手术室。这种看法其实是一个误区。层流手术室本身造价并不高,简单装修加上空调,再加上净化就成了洁净手术室,层流手术室只是比一般洁净手术室要求更高一些。怎样建造既省钱又实用的层流手术室呢?只要把钱都花在了“刀刃”上,层流手术室装修设计就不会花费太多。
    Many people think that the high cost of hospital operating room is due to the construction of laminar flow operating room. This view is actually a misunderstanding. The cost of laminar flow operating room is not high. Simple decoration, air conditioning and purification make a clean operating room. Laminar flow operating room only requires higher requirements than general clean operating room. How to build a laminar flow operating room which is economical and practical? As long as the money is spent on the "blade", the decoration design of laminar flow operating room will not cost too much.
    层流手术室装修
    Decoration of laminar flow operating room
    层流手术室装修建设归属医院建筑和采暖通风技术领域,已有许多国家标准和规范。层流手术室造价高,与个别医院和厂家或设计院对《规范》的理解有误有关,主要表现在下面三点:
    The decoration construction of laminar flow operating room belongs to the professional field of hospital building and heating and ventilation technology, and there are many national standards and norms. The high cost of laminar flow operating room is related to the wrong understanding of the code by individual hospitals, manufacturers or design institutes
    误解
    misunderstand
    《规范》上写明洁净层流手术室墙壁可用瓷砖、水磨石做地面,并没有要求对层流手术室进行豪华装修。所谓整体手术室,只是对手术室进行豪华装修的一种方式。其实,层流手术室简单装修就可以,墙上贴瓷砖也行,用彩钢板也行,不必用整块钢板,更不必用整体手术室。当然,就跟居家住房一样,医院有钱,想多花钱装修得漂亮一些,这也无可厚非。
    According to the code, the wall of clean laminar flow operating room can be made of ceramic tile and terrazzo, and there is no requirement for luxury decoration of laminar flow operating room. The so-called overall operating room is just a way of luxurious decoration of the operating room. In fact, the laminar flow operating room can be simply decorated. It is also OK to stick ceramic tiles on the wall and color steel plate. It is not necessary to use the whole steel plate, let alone the whole operating room. Of course, just like the home housing, the hospital has money and wants to spend more money to decorate it more beautifully, which is also justifiable.
    曲解
    Misinterpretation
    《规范》上写明洁净层流手术室要‘洁污分明’,即污物和洁物运送可走同一通道,但在时间上要严格错开;而不是‘洁污分流’。(当然,能做到洁污分流,肯定比洁污分明要好)。洁污分流容易造成面积上的铺张。(建造负压隔离病房要“洁污分流”)“洁污分明”这个词还是规范组绞尽脑汁的一个“创造”成果。
    According to the standard, clean laminar flow operating room should be "clean and clean", that is, the transportation of dirt and cleaning materials can go through the same channel, but the time should be strictly staggered, rather than "clean and dirty separation". (of course, it is better to separate the clean and the dirty than to distinguish the clean and the dirty). The separation of cleaning and sewage is easy to cause area spreading. (the construction of negative pressure isolation ward requires "separation of cleaning and sewage"). The word "clean and dirty clearly" is also a "creation" of the standard group.
    盲解
    Blind solution
    现在很多医院建的层流手术室面积都超标,甚至有的医院里一间层流手术室有上百平米,而《规范》里并没有这样的要求,在《医院洁净手术室建设标准》里,只提出小的手术室应为20~25m2 ,大的应为40~50 m2,比日本、美国有关标准小的多。层流手术室面积加大,与之相关的维持洁净和通风的费用自然也要增加,这对能源也是一个浪费。
    At present, the area of laminar flow operating room in many hospitals exceeds the standard, and even one laminar flow operating room in some hospitals is more than 100 square meters. However, there is no such requirement in the specification. In the construction standard for clean operating room of hospital, only the small operating room should be 20-25m2, and the large operating room should be 40-50m2, much smaller than the relevant standards of Japan and the United States. As the area of laminar flow operating room increases, the cost of maintaining cleanliness and ventilation will naturally increase, which is also a waste of energy.
    建造层流手术室,放在洁净空调上,以洁净和免检漏为准。一般来说,简单装修的层流手术室也就四五十万,而用在送风末端和过滤器上的钱,如采用国产的也就占十分之一。可现在一些医院建造层流手术室动则一百多万一间,钱都用在采用进口设备和豪华装修上了。但净化系统和设备的钱还是那一点,只占到全造价的几十分之一了。
    The laminar flow operating room shall be built and placed on the clean air conditioner, which shall be clean and free from leakage. Generally speaking, the simple decoration of the laminar flow operating room is only 4.5 million yuan, and the money used in the air supply terminal and filter, such as the use of domestic accounts for one tenth. But now some hospitals build laminar flow operating rooms, more than 100 in case, the money is spent on the use of imported equipment and luxury decoration. However, the cost of purification system and equipment is still that, accounting for only one tenth of the total cost.

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