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  • 设计人员对层流手术室内部装修
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2021-04-15
    1)层流手术室墙面和天花板采用可隔音、坚实、光滑、无空隙、防火、防湿、易清洁的材料。颜色采用淡蓝、淡绿为宜。观片灯及柜、操作台等应设在墙内。墙面与平顶,墙面与地面及不同的墙面与墙面相交处的阴(阳)角,宜做成小圆角构造(R≥50mm),以避免积尘,方便清扫。
    1) The wall and ceiling of laminar flow operating room are made of sound insulation, solid, smooth, no gap, fireproof, moisture-proof and easy to clean materials. The color should be light blue and light green. The film viewing lamp, cabinet and console shall be set in the wall. The internal (external) corners between the wall and the flat roof, between the wall and the ground, and at the intersection of different walls and walls should be made into a small fillet structure (R ≥ 50mm) to avoid dust accumulation and facilitate cleaning.
    (2)门应宽大、无门槛,净宽不宜小于1.4m,便于平车出进,应避免使用易摆动的弹簧门,以防气流使尘土及飞扬。层流手术室宜采用设有自动延时关闭装置的电动悬挂式自动感应门。窗应双层,用铝合金窗框,有利防尘保温。
    (2) The door should be wide, without threshold, and the net width should not be less than 1.4m, which is convenient for flat cars to go in and out. The swing spring door should be avoided to prevent dust and flying caused by air flow. The laminar flow operating room should adopt the electric suspension type automatic induction door with automatic delay closing device. Windows should be double-layer, with aluminum alloy window frame, conducive to dust insulation.
    (3)层流手术室的净高宜为2.8一3m,走廊宽度应不少于2.5m,便于平车运转及避免来往人员碰撞。
    (3) The clear height of laminar flow operating room should be 2.8-3m, and the width of corridor should not be less than 2.5m, so as to facilitate flat car operation and avoid collision between people.
    (4)层流手术室地应采用坚硬、光滑易刷洗的材料建造。地而稍倾斜向一角低处设地漏,利于排出污水,排水孔加盖,以免污染空气进入室内或被异物堵塞。应做到平整、光滑、、耐腐蚀(酸、碱、药)、易清洁,可选用橡胶、聚氨酯涂料、树脂类板材等,少接缝,可避免污物及的堆积,耐污易洁,花纹款式多样,安装及更换简便。
    (4) The floor of laminar flow operating room should be made of hard, smooth and easy to wash materials. The floor drain is set at the lower part of a corner, which is conducive to the discharge of sewage. The drain hole is covered to prevent the polluted air from entering the room or being blocked by foreign matters. It should be flat, smooth, corrosion-resistant (acid, alkali, medicine), and easy to clean. It can choose rubber, polyurethane coating, resin board, etc. with less joints, it can avoid the accumulation of dirt and dust, and it is pollution-resistant and easy to clean. It has various patterns and is easy to install and replace.
    (5)电源:应有双相供电设施,运转。各手术间应有足够的电插座,便于各种仪器设备的供电。插座应有防火花装置,手术间地面有导电设备,以防火花引起爆炸。电插座应加盖密封,防止进水,避免电路发生故障影响手术。总电源线集中设在墙内,吸引及氧气管道装置都应设在墙内。
    (5) Power supply: there should be two-phase power supply facilities, running. Each operating room should have enough electric sockets to facilitate the power supply of various instruments and equipment. The socket should be equipped with fireproof device, and the ground of the operating room should be equipped with conductive equipment to prevent explosion caused by sparks. The electric socket should be covered and sealed to prevent water from entering and prevent the operation from being affected by circuit failure. The main power line is concentrated in the wall, and the central suction and oxygen pipeline device should be set in the wall.
    (6)照明设施:普通照明灯应安装在墙壁或房顶。手术照明灯应安装子母无影灯,并备用升降照明灯。
    (6) Lighting facilities: ordinary lighting should be installed on the wall or roof. The operation lamp should be equipped with shadowless lamp and spare lifting lamp.
    (7)层流手术室水源和防火设施:各工作间应安装自来水龙头,便于冲洗,走廊及辅助间应装置灭火器,冷热水及高压蒸汽应有充分。
    (7) Water source and fire prevention facilities in laminar flow operating room: tap water shall be installed in each working room to facilitate flushing, fire extinguisher shall be installed in corridor and auxiliary room, and sufficient cold, hot and high pressure steam shall be provided.
    (8)通风过滤器装置:现代层流手术室应建立完善的通风过滤装置,使空气净化。其通风方式有湍流式、层流式、垂直式、可酌情选用。
    (8) Ventilation filter device: Modern laminar flow operating room should establish a perfect ventilation filter device to purify the air. The ventilation modes include turbulent flow, laminar flow and vertical flow.
    (9)层流手术室出入线路布局:出入线路的布局设计需符合功能流程与洁污分区要求,应设三条出入路线,一为工作人员出入路线,二为伤病人出入路线,三为器械敷料等循环供应线路,尽量做到隔离,避免交叉感染。
    (9) Layout of access routes in laminar flow operating room: the layout design of access routes should meet the requirements of functional process and clean and dirty partition. There should be three access routes, one for staff, two for injured patients, and three for equipment dressing and other circulation supply routes, so as to achieve separation and avoid cross infection.

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