Light: Special structure: Sufficient light is required to observe the small colonies cultured in capsules, flagella, and pili, as well as the agglutinating particles in serum tests. According to the specific requirements of experimental equipment, the power distribution engineering of the clean laboratory is designed by professional designers, which is very different from ordinary buildings. Because the circuit requirements of laboratory instruments and equipment are relatively complex, not as people usually think, as long as they meet the requirements of voltage and power. In addition to conventional lighting, the surgical area also requires the installation of a surgical table lamp to ensure correct judgment of experimental results.
Ventilation: Due to the concentration of various pathogenic bacteria and polluted air, the laboratory requires to be kept in a row of biosafety cabinets. The layout design of laboratory instruments in the Center for Disease Control and Prevention is one of the key and difficult points in laboratory design. The arrangement of experimental instruments may seem simple, but there are actually many factors to consider. Whether laboratory instruments can operate safely and well, whether they are properly protected, whether they can reduce environmental impact, whether they interact with each other, whether laboratory personnel can use them conveniently, and so on, are all issues that need to be considered when placing laboratory instruments.
Temperature and humidity: Due to the requirements of sterile operation, alcohol lamps are often used during the experiment, so ceiling fans cannot be installed in the microbiology laboratory. In order to achieve a suitable temperature for the experiment, especially to meet the temperature and humidity requirements of some instruments, the laboratory should be equipped with air conditioning.
Power supply: It is required to provide a stable voltage and constant frequency power supply; According to the requirements of the instrument equipment, an uninterrupted power supply should be provided when necessary.
Water source: The water source should be located in the clean laboratory operation area. The sink used for specimen processing should not be mixed with the sink where staff wash their hands.