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  • 医院静脉药物配置中心的空调和通风系统设计也大有讲究!
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2018-02-18
    为解决非洁净环境下配置药物时,环境对药物的污染、各种药物间的交叉感染、交叉耐药,以及肿瘤药物、抗生素等药物对药技师的伤害,合理的设计净化空调、通风系统就显得尤为重要。
    In order to solve the problem of environmental contamination of drugs, cross infection among various drugs, cross drug resistance, and the harm of drugs, antibiotics and other drugs to technicians, it is particularly important to design and purify air conditioning and ventilation systems in a clean environment.
    下面以某医院静脉配置中心为例,阐述该科室净化空调、通风系统的设计,设计区域包含有普通药物及TPN配置间及洁净辅房、抗生素及毒性药物配置间、肿瘤药物配置间及洁净辅房。
    Taking a hospital intravenous distribution center as an example, this paper expounds the design of clean air conditioning and ventilation system in the Department. The design area includes common drugs and TPN configuration rooms and clean auxiliary rooms, antibiotics and toxic drug dispensing rooms, tumor drug dispensing rooms and clean auxiliary rooms.
    所谓静脉药物配置中心(Pharmacy Intravenous Admixture Services,缩写:PIVAS)是指在符合标准、依据药物特性设计的操作环境下,经药技师严格按相关标准进行全营养药物、抗生素等静脉药物的配置,为临床提供服务的机构。简而言之,即集中配置静脉药液的场所。
    The so-called PIVAS (Pharmacy Intravenous Admixture Services, abbreviation: PIVAS) is defined in accordance with international standards, based on the characteristics of the drug design operation environment, the pharmacy technicians in strict accordance with the relevant standards for drug drugs and antibiotics intravenous total nutrient allocation and provide services for clinical institutions. In short, it is the place where the vene liquid is concentrated.
    洁净用房主要技术指标
    Main technical indexes of clean room
    一更、洗衣间,净化级别十万级,温度18℃~26℃,相对湿度40%~65%;
    One is more, the washing room is one hundred thousand grade, the temperature is 18 to 26, and the relative humidity is 40% ~ 65%.
    二更,普通药物及TPN配置间,抗生素及毒性药物配置间,肿瘤药物配置间,净化级别万级,温度18℃~26℃,相对湿度40%~65%;
    Two, more commonly, between the general drug and TPN configuration, between the antibiotics and the toxic drug configuration, the level of purification is 10000, the temperature is between 18 and 26 degrees, and the relative humidity is 40% to 65%.
    层流操作台为百级。
    The laminar flow table is a hundred grade.
    分为两套空调系统
    It is divided into two sets of air conditioning systems
    普通药物及TPN配置间及其洁净辅房;
    Common drug and TPN configuration and its clean auxiliary room;
    抗生素及毒性药物配置间,肿瘤药物配置间及其洁净辅房。
    The allocation of antibiotics and toxic drugs, the allocation of tumor drugs and the clean auxiliary room.
    气流组织
    Airflow
    普通药物及TPN配置间及洁净辅房的净化空调采用一次回风系统,上送下风方式。
    The cleaning air conditioning system between the common drugs and the TPN configuration and the clean auxiliary room uses a return air system to send and lower the air.
    抗生素及毒性药物配置间、肿瘤药物配置间及洁净辅房的净化空调采用全新风系统,上送下排方式。
    The configuration between tumor drug and clean auxiliary room air purification using the new air system of antibiotics and drug toxicity, configuration, on the way to send.
    普通药物及TPN配置间设置百级工作台,靠墙布置。
    The ordinary medicine and the TPN configuration set up a hundred level work table and lay on the wall.
    该工作台虽为局部百级层流,但室内一旦有工作人员,就会产生紊流。因此,正确布置送风口的位置,合理组织气流走向就显得尤为重要。本项目在每个工作台正上方各布置一个送风口,对侧墙布置下回风口。抗生素及毒性药物配置间设置5台ⅡA2系列生物安全柜,肿瘤药物配置间设置2台ⅡB2系列生物安全柜,均靠墙布置。
    Although the worktable is a local layer of laminar flow, there will be turbulence in the room once the staff are in the room. Therefore, it is particularly important to properly arrange the position of the high efficiency air vent and to organize the direction of the air flow reasonably. In this project, a high efficient air vent is arranged at the top of each worktable, and the side wall of the side wall is arranged back. There are 5 A2 II biosafety cabinets between antibiotics and toxic drug configurations, and 2 sets of B2 II biosafety cabinets arranged by the wall.

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