Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a kind of intensive care unit for critically ill infants. It needs a lot of medical and nursing skills, nurses and modern equipment. Its purpose is to reduce neonatal mortality, reduce complications and improve the quality of medical care.
1. Nursing staff quality requirements: should choose moral, professional, physical quality of all aspects of excellent personnel. We should not only have clinical nursing experience and general nursing skills for newborns, but also be skilled in controlling various rescue techniques and emergency nursing, familiarizing ourselves with clinical monitoring indicators, comprehensively inspecting the changes of medical conditions, not carrying out medical orders mechanically, and having advanced rescue knowledge. Nurses depend on the sum of nursing time and the working hours per week. Nurses are generally considered to be nurses: patients: 2.5:1. Nurses must be trained and receive continuing education from time to time in their work.
2. Requirements for ward equipment: 1. In an independent ward, it is advisable to be near the birth room, delivery room, operating room and emergency room. The indoor light should be sufficient and laminar installation, the temperature should be 24 ~26 C, and the humidity should be 55%~60%. Diseases were identified as two parts of intensive care area and intermediate care area, with additional auxiliary rooms.
2. Enhanced nursing area: 4-6 beds were set up, advocating centralized arrangement. Another 1-2 distance from the ward is provided for special use. The basic equipment of rescue bed should be: warm box or radiation warm bed, monitor, ventilator, negative pressure absorber, oxygen meter, infusion pump, resuscitation equipment and life island.
3. Intermediate nursing area: also known as recovery area, when critically ill neonates are better after rescue, they are transferred to our room for further treatment.
4. Auxiliary rooms include medical, nursing office, treatment room, instrument room, family reception room, etc.
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