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  • 重症监护室在建造时有哪些原则?
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2019-09-09
    重症监护室在一些急症对象的接受上面发挥着重要的作用!但是他的建造装修要求也是非常高的!下面重症监护室装修的小编就给大家详细的介绍一下吧!
    The intensive care unit (ICU) plays an important role in the acceptance of some emergency patients. But his construction and decoration requirements are also very high! Next, the small edition of the ICU decoration will give you a detailed introduction!
    1、ICU的整体布局
    1. The overall layout of ICU
    应该使放置病床的医疗区域、医疗辅助用房区域、污物处理区域和医务人员生活辅助用房区域等有相对的独立性,以减少彼此之间的互相干扰并有利于感染的控制。
    Relative independence should be made in the medical area where beds are placed, the medical auxiliary room area, the sewage disposal area and the medical personnel living auxiliary room area, so as to reduce mutual interference and facilitate the control of infection.
    2、ICU开放式病床每床的占地面积为15~18M2;每个应配备一个单间病房,面积为18~25M2。每个ICU中的正压和负压隔离病房的设立,通常配备负压隔离病房1~2间。
    2. ICU open bed covers an area of 15-18M2; each bed should be equipped with a single ward with an area of 18-25M2. The positive and negative pressure isolation wards in each ICU are usually equipped with 1 to 2 negative pressure isolation wards.
    3、地理位置选择上,方便患者转运、检查和治疗的区域,并考虑以下因素:接近主要服务对象病区、手术室、影像学科、化验室和血库等,在横向无法实现“接近”时,应该考虑楼上楼下的纵向“接近”。
    3. Geographical location is convenient for patients to transport, check and treat, and the following factors should be considered: close to the main target ward, operating room, imaging subject, laboratory and blood bank. When horizontal "close" can not be achieved, vertical "close" upstairs and downstairs should be considered.
    4、ICU的基本辅助用房
    4. Basic auxiliary rooms in ICU
    包括医师办公室、主任办公室、工作人员休息室、工作站、治疗室、配药室、仪器室、更衣室、清洁室、污废物处理室、值班室、盥洗室等。有条件的ICU可配置其他辅助用房,包括示教室、家属接待室、实验室、营养准备室等。辅助用房面积与病房面积之比应达到1.5:1以上。
    重症监护室装修
    Including doctor's office, director's office, staff lounge, central workstation, treatment room, dispensing room, instrument room, dressing room, cleaning room, waste disposal room, duty room, toilet, etc. Conditional ICU can be equipped with other auxiliary rooms, including display room, family reception room, laboratory, nutrition preparation room, etc. The ratio of auxiliary room area to ward area should be more than 1.5:1.
    5、ICU要控制好人流和物流
    5. ICU should control the flow of people and logistics
    要有合理的包括人员流动和物流在内的医疗流向,通过不同的进出通道实现,以大限度减少各种干扰和交叉感染。
    Reasonable medical flow, including personnel flow and logistics, should be realized through different access channels to minimize various interference and cross-infection.
    6、ICU应具备良好的通风、采光条件,
    6. ICU should have good ventilation and lighting conditions.
    有条件者装配气流方向从上到下的空气净化系统,能独立控制室内的温度和湿度。医疗区域内的温度应维持在(24±1.5)℃左右。每个单间的空气调节系统应该独立控制。安装足够的感应式洗手设施和手部消毒装置,单间每床1套,开放式病床至少每2床1套。
    Conditionally, the air purification system with air flow direction from top to bottom can independently control indoor temperature and humidity. The temperature in the medical area should be maintained at (24 +1.5)degrees Celsius. Each single room air conditioning system should be controlled independently. Install sufficient inductive hand washing facilities and hand disinfection devices, one set per bed in a single room and at least one set per 2 beds in an open hospital bed.
    6、ICU病房建筑装饰
    6. ICU Ward Building Decoration
    必须遵循不产尘、不积尘、耐腐蚀、防潮防霉、防静电、容易清洁和符合防火要求的总原则。
    It must follow the general principles of no dust production, no dust accumulation, corrosion resistance, moisture-proof and mildew-proof, anti-static, easy cleaning and meeting the requirements of fire prevention.
    本文由重症监护室装修的小编进行整理编写,想要了解更多的产品及更详细的精彩内容,请关注我们的官方网站:http://www.sdyhrs.com,我们十分感谢您的支持!
    This article is compiled by the small edition of the ICU decoration. For more products and more detailed wonderful content, please pay attention to our official website: http://www.sdyhrs.com. We thank you very much for your support!

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