The bio lab's overall solution is different from general laboratory engineering or purification engineering in accordance with laboratory safety requirements and use requirements. Laboratories that are mainly used in microbiology, biomedicine, biochemistry, animal testing, gene recombination, and biological products are collectively referred to as biosafety laboratories. The biosafety laboratory consists of the main function laboratory and other laboratories and auxiliary functions. Bio safety laboratory must ensure personal safety, environmental safety, security and safety of waste samples, can run for a long time and safely, while also providing a comfortable, and a good working environment for the needs of the laboratory staff.
General biosafety Protection Laboratory (experimental invertebrates and insects are not used).
Laboratory vertebrate biological safety protection laboratory.
Each type of biosafety laboratory is divided into four grades according to the degree of damage to the microorganisms and their toxins being treated. Biosafety requirements of laboratories at all levels are as follows: one level minimum and four highest.
Scope of application
General biosafety laboratory
First level biosafety Protection Laboratory
Laboratory structures and facilities, safe operating procedures, and safety equipment are applicable to microorganisms known to health adults, such as ordinary microbiological laboratories for teaching.
Two level biosafety laboratory
Laboratory structures and facilities, safety procedures and safety devices are applicable to microorganisms with moderate potential hazards to humans or the environment.
Three level biosafety laboratory
The structure and laboratory facilities, safety procedures, safety equipment is applied mainly through respiratory pathway to people infected with severe or fatal disease of pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins, usually for prevention of infectious vaccine.
HIV research (except for serological tests) should be conducted at the three level biosafety laboratory.