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  • 医院手术室装修设计要求有哪些?
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2020-06-11
    (1)墙面和天花板采用可隔音、坚实、光滑、无空隙、防火、防湿、易清洁的材料。颜色采用淡蓝、淡绿为宜。观片灯及药品柜、操作台等应设在墙内。墙面与平顶,墙面与地面及不同的墙面与墙面相交处的阴(阳)角,宜做成小圆角构造(R≥50mm),以避免积尘,方便清扫。
    (1) Walls and ceilings are made of soundproof, solid, smooth, void free, fireproof, moisture resistant and easy to clean materials. The color should be light blue and green. The film viewing lamp, medicine cabinet and operation platform shall be set in the wall. The internal (external) corner of the wall and flat roof, the wall and ground, and the intersection of different walls and walls should be made into a small fillet structure (R ≥ 50mm), so as to avoid dust accumulation and facilitate cleaning.
    (2)门应宽大、无门槛,净宽不宜小于1.4m,便于平车出进,应避免使用易摆动的弹簧门,以防气流使尘土及细菌飞扬。宜采用设有自动延时关闭装置的电动悬挂式自动感应门。窗应双层,用铝合金窗框,有利防尘保温。窗玻璃以茶色为宜。
    (2) The door shall be wide and without threshold, and the net width shall not be less than 1.4m, so as to facilitate the entry and exit of flat cars. The spring door easy to swing shall be avoided to prevent dust and bacteria flying due to air flow. It is advisable to adopt the electric suspension type automatic induction door with automatic delay closing device. The window shall be double-layer, with aluminum alloy window frame, favorable for dust prevention and heat preservation. The color of the window glass is brown.
    (3)净化手术室的净高宜为2.8一3m,走廊宽度应不少于2.5m,便于平车运转及避免来往人员碰撞。
    (3) The clear height of the purification operating room should be 2.8-3m, and the corridor width should not be less than 2.5m, so as to facilitate the operation of the flat car and avoid the collision between people.
    (4)地应采用坚硬、光滑易刷洗的材料建造。地而稍倾斜向一角低处设地漏,利于排出污水,排水孔加盖,以免污染空气进入室内或被异物堵塞。应做到平整、光滑、耐磨、耐腐蚀(酸、碱、药)、易清洁,可选用橡胶、聚氨酯涂料、树脂类板材等,少接缝,可避免污物及细菌的堆积,耐污易洁,脚感舒适,花纹款式多样,安装及更换简便。
    (4) The ground shall be constructed of hard, smooth and easy to brush materials. A floor drain is arranged at the lower corner of the ground, which is slightly inclined to discharge sewage. The drain hole is covered to prevent polluted air from entering the room or being blocked by foreign matters. It shall be flat, smooth, wear-resistant, corrosion-resistant (acid, alkali, medicine) and easy to clean. Rubber, polyurethane coating, resin plate, etc. can be selected, with few joints, which can avoid the accumulation of dirt and bacteria. It shall be stain resistant and easy to clean, with comfortable feet, various patterns and styles, and easy to install and replace.
    (5)电源:应有双相供电设施,以保证安全运转。各手术间应有足够的电插座,便于各种仪器设备的供电。插座应有防火花装置,手术间地面有导电设备,以防火花引起爆炸。电插座应加盖密封,防止进水,避免电路发生故障影响手术。总电源线集中设在墙内,吸引及氧气管道装置都应设在墙内。
    (5) Power supply: there shall be two-phase power supply facilities to ensure safe operation. Each operating room shall be equipped with enough electric sockets to facilitate the power supply of various instruments and equipment. The socket shall be equipped with fire-proof flower device, and the ground of operation room shall be equipped with conductive equipment to prevent sparks from causing explosion. The electric socket shall be sealed with a cover to prevent water from entering and prevent the operation from being affected by the circuit failure. The main power line shall be centralized in the wall, and the central suction and oxygen pipeline devices shall be installed in the wall.
    (6)照明设施:普通照明灯应安装在墙壁或房顶。手术照明灯应安装子母无影灯,并备用升降照明灯。
    (6) Lighting facilities: general lighting shall be installed on the wall or roof. The operation lamp shall be equipped with a shadow less lamp for both the mother and the child, and a standby lifting lamp.
    (7)水源和防火设施:各工作间应安装自来水龙头,便于冲洗,走廊及辅助间应装置灭火器,保证安全。冷热水及高压蒸汽应有充分保证。
    (7) Water source and fire prevention facilities: tap water shall be installed in each working room to facilitate flushing. Fire extinguishers shall be installed in corridors and auxiliary rooms to ensure safety. Hot and cold water and high pressure steam shall be fully guaranteed.
    (8)通风过滤器除菌装置:现代净化手术室应建立完善的通风过滤除菌装置,使空气净化。其通风方式有湍流式、层流式、垂直式、可酌情选用。
    (8) Ventilation filter sterilization device: Modern purification operating room should establish a perfect ventilation filter sterilization device to purify the air. The ventilation modes are turbulent, laminar and vertical, which can be selected as appropriate.
    (9)净化手术室出入线路布局:出入线路的布局设计需符合功能流程与洁污分区要求,应设三条出入路线,一为工作人员出入路线,二为伤病人出入路线,三为器械敷料等循环供应线路,尽量做到隔离,避免交叉感染。
    (9) Layout of access lines of purification operating room: the layout design of access lines shall meet the requirements of functional process and cleaning and pollution zoning, and three access lines shall be set, one is the access line of staff, two is the access line of injured patients, three is the circulation supply line of equipment and dressing, and try to be separated to avoid cross infection.
    手术间的温度调节非常重要,应有冷暖气调节设备,空调机应设在上层屋顶内,室温保持在24-26℃,相对湿度以50%作用为宜,一般手术间为35-45㎡,特殊房间约60㎡,适用于体外循环手术、器官移植手术等;小手术间面积在20-30㎡。
    The temperature regulation of the operating room is very important. There should be cooling and heating equipment. The air conditioner should be set in the upper roof. The room temperature should be kept at 24-26 ℃, and the relative humidity should be 50%. The general operating room is 35-45 ㎡, the special room is about 60 ㎡, which is suitable for cardiopulmonary bypass operation, organ transplant operation, etc.; the small operating room is 20-30 ㎡.

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