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  • 层流手术室净化相关知识介绍
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2020-11-03
    手术室日常管理工作的好坏,取决于医院或相关人员对于手术室了解多少。只有医院或者相关管理人员充分了解层流手术室的概念作用、重要性、污染来源和途径等基础知识,才能在管理工作中做到有的放矢避免工作出现疏漏。
    The daily management of the operating room depends on how much the hospital or related personnel know about the operating room. Only the hospital or relevant management personnel fully understand the basic knowledge of the concept, importance, pollution source and way of laminar flow operating room, can we make a targeted effort to avoid the omission of work in the management.
    1、层流手术室概念;层流净化,是指气流以匀速向一定方向输送,通过过滤器(作用:过滤杂质等)净化,呈流线状进入手术室内,再以等速通过手术空间后流出。手术室内的尘粒和病原微生物(Micro-Organism)随气流方向被排出,不会在室内扩散,层流手术室即以此设计而得名。层流手术室作用是确保手术空间的洁净度,达到除菌(fungus)消毒目的,降低(reduce)手术感染几率,维护医患的生命健康。
    1. Laminar flow operating room concept; laminar flow purification refers to the flow to a certain direction at a uniform speed, through high-efficiency filter (role: filtering impurities, etc.), it flows into the operating room in a streamline shape, and then flows out after passing through the operation space at equal speed. The dust particles and pathogenic microorganisms (micro organism) in the operating room are discharged along the direction of air flow, and will not spread indoors. The laminar flow operating room is named for its design. The most important function of laminar flow operating room is to ensure the cleanliness of the operation space, achieve the purpose of sterilization of fugus, reduce the risk of infection and maintain the health of doctors and patients.
    2、层流手术室的重要性;手术室是医院对病人进行手术治疗的重要场所。净化手术室各手术室空气净化系统在手术室墙面四角、净化机组、天花板、走廊、新风机、排风机都设有不同级别的过滤器,并对其进行定期清洁、维修和更换,严格保证室内空气的无菌。因此,为了保证手术质量,众多医院纷纷树立了严格的无菌(fungus)(意思:没有活菌)观念,重视手术中的无菌技术操作,防止手术感染。所以对手术中各个环节的无菌控制(control)越来越受到各家医院的重视,由此也就提高了层流手术室在医院手术操作中的重视程度。

    层流手术室装修
    2. Laminar flow operating room is important; operating room is an important place for the hospital to treat patients. The air purification system of each operating room in the purification operating room has different levels of filters in the four corners of the wall, purification unit, ceiling, corridor, fresh air fan and exhaust fan, and it is cleaned, maintained and replaced regularly to ensure the indoor air sterility strictly. Therefore, in order to ensure the quality of operation, many hospitals have established a strict concept of sterility (meaning: no living bacteria), and attach importance to the aseptic technology operation in operation to prevent the infection of operation. So the aseptic control of all the links of operation is paid more and more attention by various hospitals, which also improves the importance of laminar flow operating room in hospital operation.
    3、手术室污染源和污染途径;手术室的污染源主要有外部污染和内部污染两种:
    3. The main sources of the pollution in the operating room are external pollution and internal pollution
    一,来自外部的污染主要是送到手术室的新风。净化手术室各手术室空气净化系统在手术室墙面四角、净化机组、天花板、走廊、新风机、排风机都设有不同级别的过滤器,并对其进行定期清洁、维修和更换,严格保证室内空气的无菌。洁净手术室层流系统是创造洁净手术室的一种设备,无论它多么先进,但亦非"";因层流系统并无消毒灭菌之功效,层流手术室其"无菌"环境主要是通过空气的"过滤"、"层流"以及室内维持"正压"状态来维持的。据相关研究(research)指出室外空气中的特殊结构:荚膜、鞭毛、菌毛(fungus)和微生物(Micro-Organism)的数量大约为1-1000个/英尺,而且这些细菌和微生物(Micro-Organism)大多都附着在灰尘粒子上,很难通过普通的净化系统清除。
    1、 The pollution from the outside is mainly fresh air sent to the operating room. The air purification system of each operating room in the purification operating room has different levels of filters in the four corners of the wall, purification unit, ceiling, corridor, fresh air fan and exhaust fan, and it is cleaned, maintained and replaced regularly to ensure the indoor air sterility strictly. Laminar flow system of clean operating room is a kind of equipment to create clean operating room. No matter how advanced it is, it is not "omnipotent"; because laminar flow system has no effect of disinfection and sterilization, the "aseptic" environment of laminar flow operating room is mainly maintained by air filtration, laminar flow and indoor maintenance of "positive pressure". According to the research, the special structures in outdoor air: the number of pods, flagella, fusus and micro organism is about 1-1000 / ft. moreover, most of these bacteria and microorganisms are attached to dust particles, which is difficult to remove through ordinary purification system.
    二,来自手术室内部的污染源,主要是手术的医生和护士、手术的患者以及手术过程的产菌(fungus)产尘。医生、护士等人的衣服、皮肤和呼吸都会产生大量的尘埃和特殊结构:荚膜、鞭毛、菌毛,而这也是造成手术室污染的重要因素(factor)。
    2、 The main sources of pollution from the operating room are doctors and nurses, patients and fugus dust. Clothes, skin and breathing of doctors, nurses and others all produce a lot of dust and special structures: capsule, flagella, mycorrhiza, which is also an important factor for the pollution of operating room.

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