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  • 手术室装饰装修的几种常用材料及其比较
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2021-04-20
    医院洁净手术室的装饰装修包含了诸多方面的内容,具体有:地面、墙面(隔断)和吊顶(天棚),另外,还有一些配套设施,诸如药品柜、器械柜、麻醉柜、观片灯、自动门、送风天花、回风口等等。
    The decoration of the hospital clean operating room includes many aspects, including the floor, wall (partition) and ceiling (ceiling). In addition, there are some supporting facilities, such as medicine cabinet, instrument cabinet, anesthesia cabinet, film viewing lamp, automatic door, air supply ceiling, air return port and so on.
    这些设施中的每一份材料都具有非常多的选择,本文在这里也不一一赘述,在这里仅仅是对我国医院手术室的三个主要配套设施进行分析,包括:地面、吊顶(天棚)与墙面(隔断)。对此,有一些材料是比较常用的,有一些工法也是典型常用的。本文便是主要分析和比较这些常用的几种材料和典型工法。
    Each of these facilities has a lot of materials to choose from. This paper will not repeat them one by one. Here, we just analyze the three main supporting facilities of hospital operating room in China, including: floor, ceiling (ceiling) and wall (partition). In this regard, some materials are commonly used, and some construction methods are also typical. This paper mainly analyzes and compares these commonly used materials and typical construction methods.
    1、地面材料比较
    1. Comparison of ground materials
    其实,用于地面装饰的材料,种类非常多。而在我国医院的洁净手术室的装饰方面,釉面瓷砖、水磨石、环氧树醋、PVC卷材、橡胶卷材等比较常用。具体的地面材料情况参见表2。
    In fact, there are many kinds of materials used for floor decoration. In the decoration of clean operating room in our hospital, glazed ceramic tile, terrazzo, epoxy tree vinegar, PVC coil, rubber coil are commonly used. See Table 2 for specific ground materials.
    我们作比较可以看出,其中抗冲击能力比较弱,因而会导致裂隙产生的是瓷砖,这就不符合GB5033一2002的标准规范。而符合这一标准规范的主要有水磨石、橡胶地板和环氧树醋,可是这些材料却很难去进行平时的维护。我们从经济性能方面来看,由于考虑到橡胶地板的造价过于昂贵,因而出于对技术性能和经济指标的综合考虑,我们得出结论:PVC地板是好的地板装饰材料。
    We can see from the comparison that the impact resistance is relatively weak, so the ceramic tile will cause cracks, which is not in line with the standard code of GB 5033-2002. In line with this standard specifications are mainly terrazzo, rubber flooring and epoxy tree vinegar, but these materials are difficult to carry out usual maintenance. From the aspect of economic performance, considering that the cost of rubber floor is too expensive, we come to the conclusion that PVC floor is a good floor decoration material.
    2、吊顶(天棚)材料比较
    2. Comparison of ceiling materials
    我国的医院医技科室在选择吊顶(天棚)装饰的材料时,经常会选用的有下面一些材料,具体的材料比较情况可见表3。
    When choosing ceiling (ceiling) decoration materials, medical technology departments of hospitals in China often choose the following materials. The specific material comparison can be seen in Table 3.
    我们发现比较符合规定要求的有夹芯彩钢和电解钢板+抗菌涂料。然而,我们还要考虑经济水平的限制,很难在医院的手术室里大面积地推广电解钢板+抗菌抗污涂料。所以,我们要综合考虑技术性能和经济指标,发现夹芯彩钢板适合用作吊顶(天棚)材料。
    We found that there are sandwich color steel and electrolytic steel plate + antibacterial coating which meet the requirements. However, we have to consider the limitation of economic level, it is difficult to popularize electrolytic steel plate + antibacterial antifouling coating in a large area in the operating room of the hospital. Therefore, we should comprehensively consider the technical performance and economic indicators, and find that the sandwich color steel plate is suitable for ceiling (ceiling) materials.

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