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  • 层流手术室跟层流病房哪里不同?
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2022-06-02
    层流病房是通过空气净化设备保持室内无菌的病房,装有改变空气环境洁净度的设备。为保持室内无菌,环境及空气每日消毒,进入层流室的物品需经无菌处理。进入该室也都有相应的规定。
    Laminar flow ward is a ward that maintains indoor sterility through air purification equipment and is equipped with equipment to change the cleanliness of the air environment. In order to keep the room sterile, the environment and air should be disinfected every day. Articles entering the laminar flow room should be sterilized. There are also corresponding regulations for entering the room.
    患者在行造血干细胞移植时,在造血和免疫功能重建之前,由于大剂量化放疗,几乎摧毁了患者的造血功能和免疫防御系统,全血细胞缺乏的严重免疫缺乏状态,病人处于骨髓衰竭,非常容易发生各种感染及其他并发症。各种病原菌感染是造血干细胞移植中常见的并发症,也是造血干细胞移植死亡的主要原因之一。根据这一特殊性,对病人实施全环境的保护隔离,也就是需要在专门的造血干细胞移植病房——也称无菌空气层流病房内进行。而空气层流室则是一个相对无菌的病房,包括空气也是经过滤过,其内所有物品也经过消毒灭菌处理。利用这个无菌环境减少污染的机会,帮助移植成功。由于该病房要求消毒无菌较普通病房严格,出入病房都有相关规定,所以给患者特别是家属陪伴带来不便,但通过电话、探视窗及监护屏幕是能与亲属保持联系的。
    During hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, before the reconstruction of hematopoiesis and immune function, the patient's hematopoietic function and immune defense system were almost destroyed due to large dose quantitative radiotherapy. The patient was in a serious immune deficiency state of complete blood cell deficiency. The patient was in bone marrow failure and was very prone to various infections and other complications. Various pathogenic bacteria infection is a common complication in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and it is also one of the main causes of death in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. According to this particularity, the whole environment protection and isolation of patients should be implemented, that is, it should be carried out in the special hematopoietic stem cell transplantation ward, also known as the sterile air laminar flow ward. The air laminar flow room is a relatively sterile ward. The air is filtered, and all items in it are disinfected. Take advantage of this sterile environment to reduce pollution and help the success of transplantation. As the disinfection and sterility requirements of this ward are stricter than those of ordinary wards, and there are relevant regulations for entering and leaving the ward, it is inconvenient for patients, especially their families, to accompany them. However, they can keep in touch with their relatives through the telephone, visiting window and monitoring screen.
    无菌环境的维持
    Maintenance of sterile environment
    病房经过清洁消毒后,再送入经过高过滤器过滤的层流空气,以此实现无菌环境,并非是一件难事。但是,在我们身体上寄宿着无数的细菌,尽管在入室前经过各种严格的前处理,仍不可能将人体变成无菌状态。
    It is not difficult for the ward to enter the laminar flow air filtered by the high filter after cleaning and disinfection, so as to achieve a sterile environment. However, there are countless bacteria in our body. Although we undergo various strict pretreatment before entering the room, it is still impossible to turn the human body into a sterile state.
    本文的精彩内容由层流手术室装修提供知识提供,本网站还有很多的精彩内容,更多的内容您可以点击进入http://www.sdyhrs.com我们有专门的客服为您解答问题
    The wonderful contents of this article are provided by the knowledge of laminar flow operating room decoration. There are many wonderful contents on this website. You can click to enter more contents http://www.sdyhrs.com We have special customer service to answer your questions

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