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  • ICU建设设计的基本要求
    来源:http://www.sdyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2017-12-01
    ICU的基本辅助用房包括包括医师办公室、主任办公室、工作人员休息室、中央工作站、治疗室、配药室、仪器室、更衣室、清洁室、污废物处理室、值班室、洗涮室等。有条件的ICU可配置其他辅助用房,包括示教室、家庭接待室、实验室、营养准备室等。辅助用房面积之比应达到1.5:1以上。
    The basic auxiliary rooms of ICU include doctors office, director office, staff lounge, central workstation, therapeutic room, dispensing room, instrument room, dressing room, clean room, waste disposal room, duty room, washing room, etc. Conditional ICU can be equipped with other auxiliary rooms, including classroom, home reception room, laboratory, nutrition preparation room and so on. The ratio of room area to auxiliary room should be above 1.5:1.
    ICU手术室必配设备
    ICU operation room must be equipped with equipment
    床旁监护系统
    Bedside monitoring system
    每床配备床旁监护系统,进行心电、血压、脉搏血氧饱和度、有创压力监测等基本生命体征监护。为便于安全转运患者,每个ICU单元至少配备便携式监护仪1台。ICU监护仪作为基本设备,每一床位配一台,并固定在便于观察的床头或功能柱上。
    Each bed is equipped with a bedside monitoring system to monitor the basic vital signs, such as electrocardiogram, blood pressure, pulse oxygen saturation, and invasive pressure monitoring. In order to facilitate the safe transport of patients, each ICU unit is equipped with at least 1 portable monitors. The ICU monitor, as a basic equipment, is equipped with each bed, and is fixed on a bedside or functional column that is easy to observe.
    输液泵和微量注射泵每床均应配备,其中微量注射泵每床2套以上。另配备一定数量的肠内营养输注泵。
    The infusion pump and the micro injection pump should be equipped each bed, in which the microinjection pump is more than 2 sets per bed. A certain number of enteral nutrition infusion pumps are also provided.
    重症监护室装修
    电源配臵
    Power configuration
    ICU内使用电气、电子设备较集中,在设计中,每张监护病床装配电源插座应在12个以上,氧气接口2个以上,压缩空气接口2个,负压吸引接口2个以上。医疗用电和生活照明用电线路分开。每个ICU床位的电源应该是独立的反馈电路供应。ICU宜有备用的不间断电力系统(UPS)和漏电保护装臵。
    Electrical and electronic devices are more concentrated in ICU. In design, each monitoring ward should have more than 12 power outlets, 2 oxygen interfaces, 2 compressed air interfaces, and 2 negative pressure suction interfaces. The medical electricity and the living lighting are separated by electric lines. The power supply for each ICU bed should be supplied by an independent feedback circuit. ICU should have standby uninterruptible power system (UPS) and leakage protection device.

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