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  • 事实说明手术室的洁净对病人有多重要!
    浏览: 发布日期:2018-01-10
    随着医疗水平的不断提高,手术对环境无菌要求也随之而涨,所以,除了医生技术精湛外,打造无菌手术环境也是一个很重要的环节。
    With the continuous improvement of medical level, the requirement of environmental asepsis for surgery has also increased. Therefore, besides the skilled doctors, it is also a very important step to create aseptic surgical environment.
    手术室是病人的最后救治之地,多少病人和家属都希望能够在进入手术室救治后成功的祛除疾病的困扰。但有些手术往往很成功,但却在术后出现了感染的情况,使病人不能完全康复甚至病情恶化的情况时有发生。那么,是什么原因造成的术后感染呢?
    Operation room is the final treatment of patients, and many patients and their families want to be able to successfully remove the disease after entering the operation room. However, some operations are often successful, but the infection occurs after the operation so that the patients can not be fully recovered or even worse. So, what is the cause of postoperative infection?
    专家解答:术后感染主要分为内源性感染、间接感染和外援感染,其中内源性感染和间接感染可通过提高医疗技能、安排组织和运用功能流程及严格的消毒程序等来控制。而外源感染一般很难控制,因为外援感染主要是通过手术室的空气中携带的细菌造成的,简直防不胜防。
    Expert answers: postoperative infection is mainly divided into endogenous infection, indirect infection and external infection. Endogenous infection and indirect infection can be controlled by improving medical skills, arranging the organization and application of functional processes and strict disinfection procedures. The exogenous infection is generally difficult to control, because foreign aid infection is mainly caused by the bacteria in the air in the operation room, almost impossible to guard against.
    层流病房是通过空气净化设备保持室内无菌的病房,装有改变空气环境洁净度的设备。为保持室内无菌,环境及空气每日消毒,进入层流室的物品需经无菌处理。进入该室也都有相应的规定。
    The laminar ward is an indoor sterile ward with air purification equipment, equipped with a equipment that changes the cleanliness of the air environment. In order to maintain indoor asepsis, environment and air disinfect daily, the articles entering the laminar flow room need to be treated aseptic. There are also relevant regulations to enter the room.
    患者在行造血干细胞移植时,在造血和免疫功能重建之前,由于大剂量化放疗,几乎摧毁了患者的造血功能和免疫防御系统,全血细胞缺乏的严重免疫缺乏状态,病人处于骨髓衰竭,极易发生各种感染及其他并发症。各种病原菌感染是造血干细胞移植中最常见的并发症,也是造血干细胞移植死亡的主要原因之一。根据这一特殊性,对病人实施全环境的保护隔离,也就是需要在专门的造血干细胞移植病房——也称无菌空气层流病房内进行。而空气层流室则是一个相对无菌的病房,包括空气也是经过高效滤过,其内所有物品也经过消毒灭菌处理。利用这个无菌环境减少污染的机会,帮助移植成功。由于该病房要求消毒无菌较普通病房严格,出入病房都有相关规定,所以给患者特别是家属陪伴带来不便,但通过电话、探视窗及监护屏幕是能与亲属保持联系的。
    In patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, before hematopoietic and immune reconstitution due to high-dose radiotherapy, almost destroyed patients with hematopoietic function and immune defense system, a serious lack of blood cell immune state of patients in bone marrow failure prone to various kinds of infections and other complications. The infection of various pathogens is the most common complication in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and is also one of the main causes of the death of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. According to this particularity, the whole environment protection and isolation for patients is needed in a specialized hematopoietic stem cell transplantation ward, also known as sterile air laminar flow ward. The air laminar room is a relatively sterile ward, and the air is also efficiently filtered, and all the items in the air are sterilized. Use this aseptic environment to reduce the chance of pollution and help the transplant success. Because the ward is sterilized and sterilized, it is more strict than the general ward, and there are related regulations in the wards, so it brings inconvenience to the patients, especially the family members. But by telephone, visiting windows and monitoring screens, they can keep in touch with their relatives.
    有些医院的手术室看着非常干净,殊不知在空气中隐藏着多少能够诱发感染的细菌。这就是北京华鲁净化做手术室净化工程的目的和意义所在——尽可能保证手术室空气的清新无菌,从而杜绝外源感染的发生。一般来说,手术室净化工程就是采用空气净化措施,将空气中的尘埃离子过滤、消毒,使细菌无载体传播,达到除尘灭菌效果,从而控制外源性感染。因此,手术室净化工程是非常重要的!
    The operation room in some hospitals is very clean and knows how many bacteria that can induce infection in the air. This is Beijing Hualu do purification purification for operation room's purpose and significance, as far as possible to ensure fresh air aseptic operation room, so as to prevent the occurrence of exogenous infection. Generally speaking, the operation room purify engineering is to use air purification measures to filter and disinfect the dust ions in the air, so that the bacteria can be transmitted without carrier, so as to achieve the effect of dust removal and sterilization, so as to control exogenous infection. Therefore, the operation room purification project is very important!
    本文由手术室装修友情奉献,更多有关的知识请点击:http://www.sdyhrs.com我们将用最先进的技术,最真诚的态度,为您提供最为全面的服务。我们将会陆续向大家奉献,敬请期待。
    This article is decorated by operation room, friendship and dedication, and more related knowledge, please click: http://www.sdyhrs.com, we will provide you with the most advanced technology and the most sincere attitude to provide you with the most comprehensive service. We will continue to contribute to you and look forward to it.

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